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Basic structure and rules for writing an essay.

Basic Essay Structure

The most basic, most conventional essay structure in English includes introduction > body conclusion that is. Many academic papers involve this structure, even though it is oftentimes adapted one way or another to match different topics and purposes.

This structure is popular since it means that the key points associated with the essay are extremely clear and well supported. The introduction gives the writer’s overall point and purpose in the essay. The body gives support because of this overall point. The conclusion restates the point that is overall.

In detail, a prototype essay for this structure includes:


The goal of the introduction is always to capture the reader’s attention, lead the reader to your topic and give your reader your point that is overall or.

A conventional structure for introductions is general to specific. These introductions start out with some general statements on an interest (e.g. a development or trend, an interesting fact, a situation, a common belief or argument), before moving onto the particular issue or problem that the essay will cope with. They end with all the overall point and/or reason for the essay – which is called the thesis statement. This thesis statement must be supported by then the other countries in the essay.

Everyone understands that vitamin D could be the sunshine vitamin, and that vitamin D is essential once and for all health. Researchers have shown that vitamin D prevents illnesses such as for example rickets, improves the healthiness of the skin, regulates the immune protection system and increases the metabolic rate (Nordwist 2000). Regardless of this general knowledge, however, many individuals today still suffer from vitamin D deficiencies around the globe. This essay overviews what causes this continuing health problem.

(Adapted from Reed 1988: The Process of Composition)

Note: if the essay is created in answer to a question that is particular make sure your thesis statement is actually relevant to the question!


The human body of this essay is divided in to paragraphs. The aim in these paragraphs is always to clearly support your essay’s thesis statement.

Clear paragraphs usually contain only one point that is main is write my paper then supported. The overall point in the paragraph is named the topic sentence. This typically occurs at the beginning of the paragraph.

An important cause of vitamin D deficiency is limited sun exposure. Human skin produces vitamin D when it’s exposed to the sun. Lots of people who live far from the equator when you look at the northern and southern hemispheres have inadequate exposure to the sun since the sun’s rays are not strong enough during winter season. Having an indoor occupation and using sunscreen also limit the total amount of sun exposure a person receives.

(Adapted from “Better Medicine, Healthgrades” 2012)

The primary point with this example paragraph is expressed when you look at the topic sentence, “An important cause of vitamin D deificiency is restricted sun exposure”. This point is then explained by the rest of the paragraph.

Be sure that you support your topic sentence well before moving onto a fresh point and paragraph that is new. If you find yourself with many short paragraphs, you almost certainly need certainly to think more info on your argument and find out more regarding the topic to develop your thinking. Otherwise, your reader will find your argument hasty and superficial.

Make certain also that your particular paragraphs are sequenced logically so your reader can follow your line easily of thought for the essay. This often involves paragraphs that are starting logical connectors:

The issue that is final may cause.

This reminds your reader of this point/purpose that is overall of essay and ties the essay together.


The purpose of the final outcome is to briefly remind the reader of your point that is overall suggest wider implications, and present the essay a satisfying sense of closure.

To conclude, vitamin D deficiency is actually more wide-spread than a lot of people realize. In developing countries, the cause is frequently poverty and resulting malnutrition. In Western countries, however, the nagging issue is typically an overly processed or imbalanced diet. More effort therefore needs to be built to increasing public understanding of good vitamin D sources.

In conclusion is yet another opportunity that is good tie the essay together and then make it clear that you have supported your point well.

Remember that in a really short paper, you ought to avoid giving too much of an overview. Your reader will remember all the points, therefore it will feel unnecessary. Instead, summarize only briefly that is very then move onto wider implications and final comments.

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